The Club Atenas Athens Clubfounded in Havana inwas the most influential civic and cultural organization among peoples of African descent in Cuba during the Republican period — Despite its elitist tendencies, the club provided a space for congregation and recreation and an important political advocacy group for Afro-Cubans in an era when racial discrimination governed many aspects of Cuban social life.
The Club Atenas was part of a long tradition of Afro-Cuban institution-building since the colonial period.
After Emancipation, Afro-Cubans created new organizations called "colored societies" to cater to their social and educational needs during the transition from slavery to freedom. The colored societies expanded during the opening decades of the Cuban Republic, many of them led by upwardly mobile Afro-Cubans who saw their chances for equality and citizenship limited by racial discrimination.
In an emerging class of Afro-Cuban professionals founded the Club Atenas as an institution that would further their interests and provide recreational opportunities in a society where most leisure activities were racially segregated. By naming the group after the mecca of ancient Greek civilization, the club's founders sought to lay claim to a Western cultural image. The Club Atenas became the most influential of these Afro-Cuban societies because of the social and political stature of its members.
Lawyers, doctors, dentists, professors, students, politicians, journalists, and other distinguished Afro-Cubans were the backbone of the organization.
While full-fledged membership was reserved for males only, women participated in the group's activities through "women's sections. The Club Atenas, like many other civic, political, and recreational associations in the African diaspora during this time, was dedicated to the goal of racial "improvement," the project launched by black aspiring classes in order to "uplift" the black masses from the vestiges of slavery.
The club's preoccupation with uplift is exemplified in the association's "respectable" recreational activities, which included dances, costume parties, sport contests, concerts, and beach excursions. Club members danced to danzones as opposed to rumbaslistened to classical music, and read the works of classical Western authors.
Moreover, part of the club's project of racial improvement entailed establishing ties with prominent African Americans.
EL CLUB ATENAS La más aristocrática de las sociedades para la raza negra
By hosting African-American travelers to Cuba, and by profiling the works of writers such as Langston Hughesthe club sought to ally itself with what it saw as the vanguard of the global "colored race. In the first decade of the century he was director of the Instituto Booker T. Washington, a trade school in Havana that was inspired by its namesake's program of industrial education for black youth. Years later he was among the founders of the Club Atenas and served several terms as president of the organization.
During the s he was an outspoken critic and activist against racial discrimination, leading protests to oppose instances of racial violence against Afro-Cubans. From the time of its inception until the mids, the Club Atenas was the most powerful Afro-Cuban society.
However, the polarization of politics engendered by the revolutionary struggle against the Fulgencio Batista regime during the s crippled the organization. After the revolution took power, an increasing number of Cubans argued that racially defined organizations such as Atenas had no place in a revolutionary society with a commitment to racial equality.
Soon thereafter, the club became a casualty of the revolution's program of abolishing societies organized along racial lines.
In the Club Atenas was forced to close its doors by the revolutionary government, seemingly with little protest. The club's old headquarters was converted into a day care center that still exists in Havana today. Bronfman, Alejandra. Guridy, Frank, A. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. April 18, Retrieved April 18, from Encyclopedia. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.
Home History Encyclopedias almanacs transcripts and maps Club Atenas. Club Atenas gale. Club Atenas The Club Atenas Athens Clubfounded in Havana inwas the most influential civic and cultural organization among peoples of African descent in Cuba during the Republican period — Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History.
Learn more about citation styles Citation styles Encyclopedia. More From encyclopedia. Telephone: Fax: Web site: ht… Book Clubsbook clubs: As a phenomenon in American cultural life, book clubs have made an impact in two periods of history.Matanzas is called the City of Bridgesfor the seventeen bridges that cross the three rivers that traverse the city Rio Yumuri, San Juan, and Canimar.
For this reason it was referred to as the "Venice of Cuba. Matanzas was one of the regions that saw intensive development of sugar plantations during the colonial era. Consequently, many African slaves were imported to support the sugar industry, particularly during the first half of the nineteenth century. By53, slaves made up Due to the high number of both slaves and, importantly, free Afro-Cubans in Matanzas, the retention of African traditions is especially strong there.
InMatanzas became the location of the first action in the Spanish—American War. The city was bombarded by American Navy vessels on April 25,just after the beginning of the war. The name Matanzas means " massacre " and refers to a putative slaughter at the port of the same name, in which 30 Spanish soldiers tried to cross one of the rivers to attack an aboriginal camp on the far shore.
The Spanish soldiers had no boats, so they enlisted the help of native fishermen.
However, once they reached the middle of the river, the fishermen flipped the boats, and due to the Spanish soldiers' heavy metal armor, most of them drowned. The city is located on the north shore of the island of Cuba, on all three sides of the Bay of Matanzas. The bay cuts deep in the island, and three rivers flow in the bay inside city limits Rio Yumuri, San Juan, and Canimar.
To the south-east, the landscape rises into a hill called Pan de Matanzasdivided from the Atlantic coast by the Yumuri Valley and a coastal ridge. Inthe municipality of Matanzas had a population ofThe city has two railway stations. The main station is on the main line from Havana to Santiago de Cuba. The electrified Hershey train operates by a different route to Havana from a separate station in the barrio of Versalles.
The Via Blanca highway connects the city with both Havana in the west and Varadero in the east. The University of Matanzas is the province's high learning education institution. The Aqueduct of Matanzas, today a national monument, was built in and is still providing the City with Water from the spring Manantial de Bello. An ingenious construction built exploited and till by Fernando Heydrich and Company.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Matanzas, Cuba. Municipality in Cuba. For other uses, see Matanzas disambiguation. San Carlos y San Severino de Matanzas. Matanzas municipality red within Matanzas Province yellow and Cuba. See also: Timeline of Matanzas. This section is in list format, but may read better as prose. You can help by converting this sectionif appropriate. Editing help is available.Matanzas, La Atenas de Cuba @yasmanysf
February This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Katia Candelario es Agencia de viajes y envios a Cuba La Atenas de Cuba Llamar al Recargamos celular en Cuba y hacemos tramites y notarizaciones y pasaportes. W 4th Ave HialeahFL Pasajes envios semanales, prorrogas de pasaportes notario publico visas recargas de telefonos y muchos servicios mas.
Be the first to know and let us send you an email when La Atenas De Cuba posts news and promotions. Your email address will not be used for any other purpose, and you can unsubscribe at any time.
OTax Services Corp. F My Ticket. Jibacoa Traffic School. Pepin Store. Law Offices of Alexander B. Ramey, PA - Traff. Nivia Perez-Realtor. Family Tax Services Corp. Of Miami. Tax Relief Lawyers Hialeah. D-travel services corp. C Tax and Inmigration services. Want your business to be the top-listed Law Practice in Hialeah? Habana Hialeah Travel. Cubella Viajes.
Cojimar Express. Viajes a Cuba. Envios pasajes remesas y otros servicios. General information. Opening Hours. Contact The Business. Nearby law practices. F My Ticket Miami. Jibacoa Traffic School East 8th Street The usual slow service as is normal in Cuba - they even forgot our drinks Food ok, but not special. Large comfortable place, well decorated. We went late for a coffee and cocktail having eaten elsewhere. Good service. Could almost be compared to a rather unique European of US style coffee shop.
We went inside to enjoy the airconditioning but there was a nice open Meal was very good. Had pizza and beer, came here 3 times in one week. Best food I had in Cuba. Service was really good but you'll need to know Spanish.
Nothing out of this world but honest fare and inexpensive.
Food quality in Cuba is terrible. And it's overpriced. This place offers simple food, nice service and it's a good value for money. We ordered some plantain chips and Cuban pizza.
The chips were good. Great espresso coffee. It is like sitting in a former factory or warehouse building from the 's or 50's. Although geared towards food all the tables are setit is possible to simply have a drink.
Flights Vacation Rentals Restaurants Things to do. Log in to get trip updates and message other travelers.
Atenas, Matanzas. See all restaurants in Matanzas. Travel Alert: U. For details, click here.Matanzas es una provincia del occidente de Cuba. Por todo el esplendor cultural alcanzado es proclamada como La Atenas de Cuba.
Sign in. Log into your account.
Password recovery. Forgot your password? Get help. Cuba Tesoro. A visitar. La tumba francesa. Documentos necesarios para viajar a Cuba. Accesibilidad para las personas con discapacidad en Cuba. El Clima de Cuba. La aduana en Cuba. Algunas actividades que se pueden hacer en Cuba si viajas a…. Las mejores playas de Cuba. Los mejores hoteles de playa en Cuba. Algunas maneras de descubrir la verdadera Cuba.
El burrito — Karamba. Alabanza — Buena Fe. Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra del Rosario. Reserva de Biosfera Buenavista. Reserva de la Biosfera Cuchillas del Toa. Rolando Morales - 19 enero, Playa Coral. La Cueva de Saturno. Universidad de Matanzas Camilo Cienfuegos. Nuestras Mejores Ofertas de alojamineto en Matanzas. Informaciones Practicas. Municipios de Matanzas.Matanzas es una provincia del occidente de Cuba. Por todo el esplendor cultural alcanzado es proclamada como La Atenas de Cuba.
Sign in. Log into your account. Password recovery. Forgot your password? Get help. Cuba Tesoro. A visitar. La tumba francesa. Documentos necesarios para viajar a Cuba. Accesibilidad para las personas con discapacidad en Cuba.
El Clima de Cuba. La aduana en Cuba. Algunas actividades que se pueden hacer en Cuba si viajas a…. Las mejores playas de Cuba. Los mejores hoteles de playa en Cuba.
Algunas maneras de descubrir la verdadera Cuba. El burrito — Karamba. Alabanza — Buena Fe. Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra del Rosario. Reserva de Biosfera Buenavista. Reserva de la Biosfera Cuchillas del Toa. Rolando Morales - 19 enero, Playa Coral.
La Cueva de Saturno. Universidad de Matanzas Camilo Cienfuegos. Nuestras Mejores Ofertas de alojamineto en Matanzas. Informaciones Practicas. Municipios de Matanzas. La aduana en Cuba Rolando Morales - 23 abril, 0. Film Cuando las mujeres mandan Rolando Morales - 15 enero, 1. Film Cuando las mujeres mandan.
Museos de Matanzas. Monumentos de Matanzas. La lucha contra bandidos en Yaguajay Rolando Morales - 12 noviembre, Palacio de Aldama Rolando Morales - 3 febrero, Arte culinario.Matanzas is the caipital o the Cuban province o Matanzas. It is famit for its poets, cultur, an Afro-Cuban fowklore. Matanzas is cried the "Ceety o Brigs," o which thare are seiventeen crossin the three rivers that traverse the ceety Rio Yumuri, San Juan, an Canimar.
For this raison it wis referred tae as the "Venice o Cuba. Matanzas wis ane o the regions that saw intensive development o succar plantations durin the colonial era.
10 COISAS A VISITAR
Consequently, mony African slaves wur importit tae support the succar industry, pairticularly durin the first hauf o the nineteent century. Bi53, slaves made up Due tae the heich nummer o baith slaves an, importantly, free Afro-Cubans in Matanzas, the retention o African tradeetions is especially strang thare.
InMatanzas became the location o the first action in the Spaingie-American War. The ceety wis bombardit bi American Navy vessels on 25 Aprilejuist efter the beginnin o the war. The name Matanzas means " massacre " an refers tae a putative slaughter at the port o the same name in which 30 Spaingie sodgers wur crossin ane o the rivers tae attack an aboriginal camp on the far shore.
The Spainyie sodgers didna hae ony boats, sae thay enleetit the help o some native fishermen. Housomeivver, ance thay reached the middle o the river, the fishermen flipped the boats, an due tae the Spainyie sodgers' hivy metal airmour, maist o them drouned.
Frae tae the s Portuguese descendants muivit tae Cuba acause o the haurd times an thay plantit thairsels in Matanzas tae live big thair faimilies. Acause o this chynge tae Cuba's atmosphere, the toun chyngit an fowk spoke Portuguese an Spaingie, some no aw, but that wis the wey o the toun an tae this day it is still strang. The ceety is locatit on the north shore o the island o Cuba, on aw three sides o the Bay o Matanzas.
The bay cuts deep in the island, an three rivers flow in the bay inside ceety leemits Rio Yumuri, San Juan, an Canimar. Tae the sooth-east, the landscape rises intae a hill cried Pan de Matanzasdividit frae the Atlantic coast bi the Yumuri Valley an a coastal rig.
The ceety haes twa railwey stations. The main station is on the main line frae Havana tae Santiago de Cuba. The electrifee'd Hershey train operates bi a different route tae Havana frae a separate station in the barrio o Versalles.
The Via Blanca heich-gate connects the ceety wi baith Havana in the wast an Varadero in the east. The Varsity o Matanzas is the province's seicontar eddication institution. Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge. San Carlos y San Severino de Matanzas. Table o contents. Retrieved Princeton University Press, Places aroond Matanzas.
Provinces o Cuba. Municipalities o Matanzas. Categerie : Populatit places in Matanzas Province.